Factors Affecting Municipal Household Solid Waste Management and Its Impact On Health and The Environment: A Conceptual Paper
Keywords:Municipal household solid water; Socioeconomic status; Lifestyle; Awareness; Facilities and services; Health and environment
Municipal solid waste management in developing countries continues to be a crucial challenge for the local governments and municipalities across the nation. Increasing in population, rapid growth of economic, tremendous urbanization and change in public lifestyle has increased the generation of municipal household solid waste in Malaysia. Improper municipal household solid waste management and lack of awareness among the households on municipal household solid waste management also has affected municipal household solid waste management and impacted on public health and the environment. The aim of this study is to identify the factors affecting municipal household solid waste management and its impact on health and the environment. This study will examine the influence of socioeconomic status on the lifestyle that contributed to the generation of municipal household solid waste, awareness on municipal household solid waste management as well as the provision of facilities and services for municipal household solid waste management. A total of 379 households from four types of housing in Section 17, Shah Alam, Selangor consisting of terrace, flat, traditional village and commercial houses will be selected as the sample of this study using the stratified sampling methods. A set of structured questionnaire will be distributed among the households and analyzed using SPSS. Several useful recommendations will be suggested to the respective municipal, in this study refers to the Shah Alam City Council (SACC) for their adoption with necessary changes.